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Ozone therapy and prevention of tooth decay

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Tooth decay is a hard dental tissue disease. It is a dynamic process with periods of demineralisation and remineralisation. These processes occur in a direct dependance on the presence and activity of microbial coating on tooth surface.

Author: MDDr. Bc. Nina Joklová | stomatologist | Bratislava

It is the presence of sugars that disrupts the balance and subsequently leads to continual destruction of tooth structures caused by acids that stem from sugar.

The pH drops sharply where dental plaque is stored and demineralization of dental enamel occurs. If plaque is removed and we don’t allow new layers to build, teeth are repared not only on the surface but also in deeper layers. Thanks to natural remineralization, the tooth is repaired and fully functional. Here is where proper dental hygiene plays a key role. Dental hygiene comes first in tooth decay prevention. It consists not only of plaque removal, a thorough cleaning of interdental spaces and professional tartar removal, but also includes good nutrition, avoidance of sticky food such as chocolate or candy and regular visits to a dentist for early caries detection. Additional dental hygiene tools such as mouthwashes, creams and gels certainly help as well.

We diagnose tooth decay with dental examinations by visual contact via a testing probe or via X-ray. Tooth decay should be understood as a disease that is reversible, which means curable, in its early stages with an on-time initial diagnosis. When using ozone therapy, we have the opportunity to influence caries at early stages when there was no morphological damage done yet to dental hard tissues. Since the application of ozone is nondestructive, there is no loss of enamel or dentine and infills are not needed. Ozone therapy is characterized by a high success rate, excellent tolerability and practically absent side-effects. Ozone has disinfectant, antimicrobial and therapeutic effects. Nowadays it represents an effective and simple method in general medicine, including dentistry. In Cariology, it has the capability to destroy 99% of cariogenic microorganisms and deactivate the most common oral cavity disease – tooth decay. Ozone treatment is unique because it cures tooth decay without drilling. However, for ozone to work it is crucial that the tooth decay is in early stage where it hasn’t spread out far yet. In the opposite case when the process is already irreversible, the classic approach involving drilling is required. Yet ozone therapy finds a use even in this case. We apply ozone into the drilled tooth for disinfection purposes before dental filling application. We use the HealOzone device for 20-60 seconds, depending on the depth of caries.

Application of ozone can be used well in pedostomatology where another significant advantages are clearly visible. It is a painless and non-invasive process that doesn’t produce any disturbing sounds so the treatment is done without any trauma, respecting the psychological aspect in children treatment. It is also applied to disinfect fissures before sealing adult teeth once children form their second set. It gives us the possibility to postpone invasive procedures until we can expect a better collaboration with the little patient. It also eliminates the need to use anesthesia. A treatment with no drilling is definitely more enjoyable and dental fillings are often unnecessary. Dental tissues stay more resistant to caries attacks after its application. Ozone therapy in dentistry is considered to be very easy and affordable – a method that enables comfortable and painless treatment appreciated by both doctors and patients.

 



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